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What Agreement Ended The Cuban Missile Crisis

Only five reports bothered analysts. They described large trucks crossing cities at night and carrying very long cylindrical canvas-covered objects that could not curve through cities without support or maneuvering. Defensive missiles could spin. The reports could not be satisfactorily rejected. [37] On the morning of October 27, a U-2F (the third CIA U-2A, modified for air refueling) left its forward operating site in McCoy AFB, Florida. At about 12:00 EDT, the aircraft was hit by an SA-2-ground-to-air missile launched by Cuba. The plane was shot down, Anderson was killed. Stress in negotiations between the Soviets and the United States has intensified; It was only later that it was believed that the decision to launch the missile was made on the ground by an indeterminate Soviet commander acting on his own. Later that day, at approximately 15:41 EDT, several US Navy crusader RF-8A aircraft were bombed on low-level photo reconnaissance missions. From the beginning, the Soviet operation was accompanied by elaborate denial and deception, known as „maskirovka“. All the planning and preparation for the transport and deployment of the missiles was carried out in complete secrecy, and few of them explained the exact nature of the mission.

Even the detailed troops for the mission were misbehaving by telling them that they were heading to a cold region and that they were equipped with ski boots, fleece-lined parkas and other winter equipment. The Soviet code name was Operation Anadyr. The Anadyr River flows into the Bering Sea and Anadyr is also the capital of the Chukotsky district and a bomber base in the far east. All actions should hide the program from the public inside and outside. [20] A hotline has been set up between the United States and the USSR to prevent such a crisis from happening again. He added that any missile attack from Cuba would be interpreted as a Soviet attack and would merit a „full retaliatory response“ against the Soviets. After the crisis, the United States and the Soviet Union set up the Moscow-Washington hotline, a direct communication link between Moscow and Washington. The aim was to have a way for the leaders of the two Cold War countries to communicate directly to resolve such a crisis. In the evening, Attorney General Robert Kennedy and Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin agreed that the USSR should withdraw its missiles from Cuba under the supervision of the United Nations.

In exchange, the United States would swear not to invade Cuba and withdraw its missiles from Turkey. In October 1962, a U-2 U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missiles built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. President Kennedy did not want the Soviet Union and Cuba to know that he had discovered the missiles. He met secretly with his advisors for several days to discuss the problem. The United States ended its blockade on November 20, 1962, the Soviets took away their nuclear weapons until the end of the year and American missiles in Turkey were withdrawn in 1963. Specialists in the construction of rockets under the guise of „machines,“ „irrigation specialists“ and „agricultural specialists“ arrived in July. [20] A total of 43,000 foreign troops would eventually be brought in. [21] Artillery chief Sergei Blyuzov, head of the Soviet missile forces, led a survey team that visited Cuba. He told Khrushchev that the missiles were masked and camouflaged by palm trees. [8] The Russians were not impressed by Kennedy`s anger and announced that they would interpret all attempts to quarantine the island of Cuba as an aggressive act.