2) Ebd. Open Sky: Jacques Barrot welcomes the draft air transport agreement reached by eu-US negotiators. Barrot is currently Vice-President of the European Commission and Commissioner for Transport. 1. Any disputes relating to the application or interpretation of this agreement, with the exception of issues raised by Article 20 or Schedule 2 and which are not resolved by a joint committee meeting, may be referred, with the agreement of the contracting parties, to an individual or agency for decision. If the parties do not consent, the dispute is adjudicated at the request of one of the parties, in accordance with the following procedures. 1. The airlines of each contracting party have the right to establish, on the territory of the other party, offices for the promotion and sale of air transport and related activities. (a) the introduction or maintenance of a price to be charged or charged by a US airline for international air transport between one point in one Member State and one point in another Member State is in accordance with Article 1, paragraph 3, of Regulation (EEC) 2409/92 of the Council of 23 July 1992 or a regulation that will succeed it in a non-restrictive manner; (b) ground equipment and spare parts (including engines) imported into the territory of a contracting party to maintain, maintain or repair aircraft of an airline of the other contracting party that are used in international air traffic; In November 2018, the UK reached an individual „Open Sky“ agreement with the US, which will succeed the EU agreement after Brexit.  3. When they are parties to a multilateral agreement or approve a decision adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization or any other international organization on matters under this agreement, they consult with the Joint Committee to determine whether the agreement should be revised to reflect these developments. In accordance with Article 22 of the agreement, the following bilateral agreements between the United States and the Member States are suspended or replaced by this agreement: Turkey concluded a bilateral air services agreement with the United States on 2 May 2000 in New York. This agreement, based on the „open skies“ approach that came into force on 13 August 2001, contains most of the provisions relating to regulatory cooperation, market access and investments found in the new AIR Services Agreement between the United States and the EU.
However, it is still a fairly liberal agreement that, from the perspective of the United States, would not warrant renewal at this time. Starting in 1992, the United States also began to conclude air agreements with EU member states. The European Commission argued that these agreements contained provisions contrary to the European single market and, in particular, to the 1992 `third package` (4), in which the principles of the single market programme were applied to the aviation industry, and has taken legal action against the United Kingdom, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Luxembourg, Austria, Finland and Sweden before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) (5), as it is the sole jurisdiction to negotiate international air transport agreements with third countries. (10) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this agreement, airlines and indirect freight suppliers of the contracting parties are permitted to use, in the context of international air transport, all surface transport of cargo to or from certain points within the territory of the contracting parties or in third countries, including transport to and from all airports with customs facilities, and, where appropriate, the right to transport cargo in conjunction with applicable laws and regulations.